Buy organic Terminalia Bellirica (Baheda) Fruit, Powder, uses, Benefits
Terminalia bellirica (Bahera)
Synonym: Myrobalanus belirica Gaortn.
Bengali name: Bohera, Bahera and Bayra.
Ang gara ani, Bohera, Chadcingti and Kasingsi (Marma): Bara sara Bohera and Bora gulo (Chakma): myrobalan and Bastard myrobalan (English): Dedaowang (tripura): Goting bherda (Marathi): Tani (Tamil) and Tandi (Tellegu).
Juice – Astringency
Properties – Short
Dosh Karma – Especially Healing Cough (Coughhar)
Semen – Heat
Vipak – Sweet
Due to the quality of the astringency from this fruit juice suppresses the cough; the quality of the sweet of the fruit also suppresses the pitta (acidity) and the heat quality of fruit suppresses the air in the body. So therefore the quality of the oil from this suppression of these three defects.
A large, deciduous tree with tall trunk 10-20 m high, buttressed at the base and long horizontal branches young shoots and, inflorescence rusty pubescent.Bark is thick,ashy-gray,brownish or blackish with vertical cracks or fine fissures;inner bark light yellow,turning brown.leaves are papyraceous to coriaceous, spirally arranged along the branchiets or crowded at the ends of the branchlets, sometimes whorled, broadly ovate-elliptic to ovate-oblong. sometimes narrowly oblanceolate, 6-16 (-23) x5-10.5 (-14,5) cm, apex rounded or obtuse, or sometimes shortly acuminate, base rounded, obtuse or cuneate, often unequal at the base,. margin entire, veins usually 6-8 pairs, rather widely spaced: rufous-sericeous when very young. soon becoming glabrous or almost glabrous; petiole 3-9cm. long, at first pubescent, soon glabrescent, generally long in relation to the lamina, gands inconspicuous, usually present mid-way down the petiole. Flowers are greenish-yellow, bud subglobose, sessile, Calyx is 4-5×4-5 mm, shortly nusty pubescent outside, densely rusty villous at the base inside, lobes . recurved, deltoid. Stamens are 3.0-3.5 mm, glabrous, anther 0.8 mm long. Ovary is ellipsoid, 15-5.0 mm long. Fruit a drupe. 2-3 x 15-2.5 cm, subglobose to broady ellipsoid, very hard when dry. slightly longitudinally. ridged, densely vehety pubescent. Seed is 12 x 0.5 cm, ellipsoid rough.
Distribution Place of origin:-
Baheda tree is seen in all provinces of India, especially in the western region.It is native of Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Myanmar. Also. found In Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, China, Indonesia, Malaysia and Australia.In Bangladesh, it occurs in the hill forests of Chittarong, Cox’s Bazar, CHT and Sylhet usually growing in dry areas and in the Sal forests of Dhaka. Mymensingh,Dinajpur and Comila. It often cultivated in village groves.
Physiographic, edaphic and biotic requirements:
This is a common associate of Sal, Teak and other important trees. occurring more or less scattered and not gregariously.It has been raised successfully in comparatively dry soil and in the valleys.In natural habitat the absolute maximum shade temperature varies from 36℃ to 46℃, the absolute minimum from -1℃ to 15℃,and the normal rainfall from 1016 to 3048 mm or more.
Fruit- One inch long round and oval, a type of gum emerges in the tree. Oil from the fruit is extracted from Mingi (seed). People who eat more of this Mingi (seed) fruits make them dizzy.The tree is a light-demander, though it can stand slight shade during youth. It is decidedly sensitive to frost; the leaves are usually found to be touched by forst more readily than those of almost any of its associates. As regards to drought it does not occur in very dry localities. It Grows fairly well. The germinative power of the seed is better than that of most species of this genus. Germination is hypogeous, and the cotyledons and the remnants of the putamen remain in or on the ground. The growth of seeding during the first. season is moderate, a height of about 13 to 20 cm being ordinarily attained.
The tree is deciduous; the leaves commence falling, In December and by February the trees are usually leafless.The new leafs start appearing from March to April; Flowering takes place from March to May and fruiting from November to following January. The fruit ripen from. January to February. The favorable seed collection time is from January to February.
Its special use is in the form of Triphala, its semi-mature fruit is a break back and full-maturity fruit or dry fruit is called receptive and effective .the results removes diseases of the throat, thyroid, fever, arthritis, diarrhea, abdominal, spleen, leprosy etc. It is also beneficial for the brain. Its coating is beneficial on the eyes. The marrow oil is highly nutritious for hair, pigmented and cutlery and scaly; it is very beneficial in coughing by frying the marrow or peel in the mouth. Due to being astringency in this juice, it is an iron enhancer due to the good circulation in bloodstream and sweet in different way.
The consumption of the fleshy portion of the fruit and. the dissemination of the hard nuts by animals has already been alluded to. Where the flesh is not so consumed it rots off or is eaten of by white ants. Nuts often being wholly or partially buried in the process of Germination which takes place at different times during rainy season. Successful germination is greatly assisted If the nuts are buried by rain, by white ants, or otherwise, since the radicle of the germinating seedling Is liable to be eaten by birds and insects or to dry up exposed to the sun, A considerable degree of moisture is necessary to stimulate germination. The high germinative power of Seed and the comparative ease with which the seedling establishes itself would Indicate that the tree should be more gregarious than it is. There can be little doubt that, its sporadic character is due to the fact that the seed is so much subject to the attacks of animals and insects that a comparatively small. Proportion reaches the germinating stage.
The seeds have to be sown during the month of March and April. Before sowing, the seeds have to be pretreated by dipping in water for 48 hours then dried in the sun and then again dipped in water. The germination percentage is about 80-90 and it takes 10-12 days to germinate. Before starting the monsoon (or during June-July) the seedling or stump or seed has to be sown directly. It gives good result if the transplanting seedlings age is about one year transplanting may be carried out either after pruning the stem and roots or with stem and roots Intact; the later gives better results, the former checking the growth considerably. One kg seeds contain about 200-250 seed.
Fruits contain tannins composed of gallotannic and eltagitannic acids phyllemblin,β-sitosterol mannitol, sugars, hydrocarbon tetratriacontane, di-triacontanol, tritriacontanone, a hexahydroxy diphenic acid ester, resins and a greenish yellow oll containing palmitic, stearic, oleic: and linoleic acids. Heartwood, bark and fruits contain ellagic acid; bark also contains substantial amount of oxalic acid. Seed coat contains gallic acid.
The plant is used In the treatment of anal fissure, anorexia, cardiac weakness. dehydration, constipation, cough, diarrhea, dysmenorrhea, dyspepsia, fever (high), foot mud sore, general weakness, heat stroke, hepatomegaly, hyper acidity (gastritis), hyper, tension impotence, jaundice (haemolytic), lipoma (tumour) malaria, nervous debility, oedema (dropsy), rheumatism, sight weakness, Spermatorrhoea (Lack of sperm counts), stomachache and vomiting.
- It is used in diarrhea disorders, but it is particularly useful in cough major disorders.
- A piece of fruit of Bahera gives relief in breathing and tone dissolving by sucking it in the mouth, to purposely silence the cough,Muks easily comes out, This will be very effective cough syrup.
- Its fruit is beneficial for conjunctivitis (Red Eyes).
- Its oil is used to make skin diseases in catharsis and palliates.
- Consuming a seed daily, can benefit with this claustrophobic disease and it can improve medical conditions of lack of libido sexual practices. This seed can increase arousal increases.
- Its medulla is alcoholic and pain reliever and it is used in experimentation and insomnia.
- It is beneficial in its near-enduring fruit constipation and by giving it can Soften the stool and cause mild diarrhea and stomach cleansing.
- Due to the heat in the semen, it is Deepan, Anulom and Kramighena organ, therefore Agnimantha uses it in purging and eradicate worm disease.
- Due to having eyesight problems, it is used in many eye diseases.
- This juice works exclusively on blood, meat and fatty metals, so it is beneficial in the disorders of these metals.
Traditional use by the herbal healer of Bolipara:
Local herbal healers use this for several treatment purposes as, cough, dysentery, food poisoning, rheumatic pain and teeth pain. Different ethnic groups, such as. Chakra. Chak, Tripura, Marma, Mru, Murang and Bawm use this species for their treatment. Several Bengali community of the Bolipara also uses this plant as medicine.
The fruit is the source of tannin, dye and ink.The kernel of seed is edible but has narcotic effect.It produces oil, leaf is used as insecticide during the storing and packing of different fruits. The wood Is used for making, packing boxes, dugouts, boats and agricultural implements.